Created after the Savoyard Kingdom of Sardinia annexed the other Italian states (with the exception of the Papal States) between 1859 and 1861, the Kingdom of Italy inherited the crown jewels of Sardinia and the Duchy of Savoy.
- The Royal Crown of Sardinia was made in 1720, and consisted of a jewelled circlet made of gold and eight half arches decorated with pearls. The crown also displayed alternated florets and Savoyard crosses at the bases of the arches, and a velvet cap in the inside. The crown was stolen by French forces in 1795 and never resurfaced, however, it was kept as part of the coat of arms of Sardinia and, later, Italy.
- Made of gold and set in precious stones, the Ducal Crown of Savoy was created in the 17th century for Charles Emmanuel II’s coronation as Duke of Savoy. It was probably dismantled around 1720 and its components reused for the Sardinian crown.
- A Sceptre of Savoy appears in several portraits of Sardinian kings. It was made of gold and topped by a orb with a St. Maurice cross.
- Another item usually present in 18th-century paintings is the staff, similar to a marshal’s baton. It was made of silver and covered with red velvet displaying Savoyard white crosses, and with gold at both endings.
- The collar of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, of which the King of Sardinia was Grand Master, made of gold.
The so-called Iron Crown of the Lombards, traditional crown of the medieval Kings of Italy, was incorporated into the collection in 1866, when it was returned from Vienna.
1. Portrait of Carlo Emanuele II, Duke of Savoy, by unknown painter - Venaria Reale, Turin
2, 3. Portrait of Vittorio Amedeo II of Savoy and I of Sardinia by Martin van Meytens - 1728, Venaria Reale
4. Portrait of Carlo Emanuele III of Savoy and I of Sardinia by unknown artist - c. 1750, Palazzo Madama in Turin
5. Portrait of Elizabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen of Sardinia by anonymous painter - 1737, Royal Palace of Turin
6. Portrait of Carlo Emanuele III of Savoy, King of Sardinia by Maria Giovanna Clementi - 18th century,
7. Portrait of Vittorio Amedeo III of Savoy, King of Sardinia by unknown painter - Venaria Reale, Turin
8. Portrait of Maria Antonietta of Spain, Queen of Sardinia by Vittorio Amadeo Grassi - undated
9. Portrait of Carlo Felice of Sardinia and Savoy by Monari Nicola - 1829
Source for all pictures (x)